We will need to go back in time to understand how agriculture and low income are related. People used to buy their food mostly from their local farmer or from homegrown vegetables, and they rarely ate meat back then. As we all know, things have changed in recent years. As a result, the financial situation of farmers, especially smaller farmers, has deteriorated. Small productions are seldom profitable due to low prices and a wide range of options.
Let’s look at the dairy prices and see if we can figure out what’s going on. A bottle of milk (1 liter) costs about 0.80 euros at the supermarket, but the dairy pays the farmer about 33ct/1kg, depending on the current financial situation. Farmers must, however, spend a significant amount of money in the food for the cows, as well as the buildings and machinery needed for dairy production. There is almost nothing left for the farmer. Another point worth mentioning is that the issue disproportionately affects smaller farms. That is, in general, another explanation for factory farming.
Fortunately, some dairies compensate farmers fairly. The “Milchwerke Berchtesgadener Land” follows suit, paying a set price for milk. Conventional milk costs 43.73 cents per kilogram, and biologic milk costs even more. In the southern Bavarian Alps, they place a premium on maintaining good relationships with local farmers.
As a result, we, as customers, have a significant impact on the industry and, in certain ways, have the power to address the issue of low income among farmers. You’re thinking to yourself, “How?” The solution is simple: don’t buy the cheapest goods, educate yourself about ethical businesses, and consume thoughtfully.