A national park is a piece of land set aside by the government for the protection of the environment. It may be established for public pleasure and enjoyment, as well as for historical or scientific reasons. In a national park, the majority of the landscapes, as well as the plants and animals that inhabit them, are preserved in their natural state.
Another aspect is nature conservation; in recent years, conventional forms of use such as forestry and agriculture have had a significant impact on both the environment and the distribution of ecosystems, however their significance has declined dramatically. And while traditional land uses have declined in importance, hiking and leisure tourism have grown dramatically in importance in recent decades.
At present, over one million visitors visit the NationalPark every year, but most of them travel along the heavily frequented trails of the three main valleys (Königsee Valley, Wimbachtal and Hirschbichltal). Due to the cablecar on the “Jenner”, which runs to just before the national park border, a focus has also been created for tourism use in the high alpine areas. Overall, however, it can be said that the vast majority of the highlands of the National Park can be described as undisturbed. The wide acceptance of the marked path offers contributes significantly to this channelling effect.
The most significant conflict of use in Berchtesgaden National Park is intense tourism. Thousands of tourists pollute the environment by dumping garbage on the property. They make a lot of noise and sometimes disregard route directions. As a result, animals such as hedgehogs and marmots have their hibernation disrupted. The amount of traffic increases as a result of increased tourism, resulting in more fumes. Many animals and plants lose their natural habitat as a result of the building of hotels and mountain railways. Most of the time, deforestation is needed for these construction projects.
The main issue in France is also mass tourism. Tourists pollute the environment significantly. Noise, light, and garbage are just a few examples. As a result, they have decided to introduce what is known as Slow Tourism. It’s all about taking your time to explore the treasures of neighboring sites, all while using ecologically responsible forms of transportation. savoring the benefits of a slower pace of life and discovering Chambéry’s hospitality
In Slovenia, subsistence farming is still practiced in the Triglav National Park. There are typical small farmers that produce only for themselves and their families. A large number of vine produce – frequently more than are needed. Because of its honors, vine is more of a product that is exported. Some farmers have more monocultural potato and corn fields, which could be a contentious issue in the coming years. Pumpkins and hops are commonly grown on farms in the country’s north-east, such as in Štajerska.
Farmers and the National Park have a conflict of interest since many traditional farmers feel threatened by the national park’s big wolf and bear population. They are concerned about wild creatures killing their sheep and cows. The National Park, on the other hand, wants to keep the animals alive because they are part of the park and do not want to harm them.
There are numerous sustainable efforts aimed at improving ecological farming and their promotion. There should most likely be controls on advertisements, which means that farmers should only be permitted to advertise their products if they were produced in good conditions. Someone should be in charge of production to ensure that certain quality conditions are met. Another way to assist organic farmers is to provide financial support for their efforts, such as for animal welfare. Recyclable food packaging, such as milk and juice cartons, is one sustainable project that is primarily and already in use.